Q. What is an Ion?

A. Ions are positively charged atoms.

Q. What is Ionization?

A. The electronic release of silver and copper Ions.

Q. How does Ionization work?

A. A safe low voltage DC current is applied to the silver and copper electrodes. As the ions attempt to move from one electrode to the other, many of them become suspended in the water.

Q. How does silver / copper ionization purify water?

A. Copper ions have the ability to pierce the protective outer membrane of a cell and disrupt enzyme balance thereby killing algae. Silver is effective because of its capabilities of interfering with DNA production and accelerating the death phase of bacteria and viruses. Although lethal to bacteria and algae, this process is completely safe for humans. A multitude of scientific tests have been done proving the effectiveness of copper silver ion systems in and spa applications. Experimentation at the University of Arizona proves that such mineral ions, in conjunction with trace chlorine are 1,000 times more effective against algae than chlorine alone. Today the use of these metals is widespread and highly advanced as is the equipment used to produce them for water treatment.

Q. Is ionization all that you need for your water?

A. Silver and copper ionization completely purifies water. It is usually necessary to add an oxidizing agent (chlorine or non-chlorine shock) periodically to help break down excess organic debris, suntan and body oils etc.

Q. Is ionization safe?

A. Not only is it safe, but the minerals used for water purification are recognized as essential minerals to the body. Normal concentration in spas and hot tubs is about 1/3 the amount allowed by the Environmental Protection Agency for drinking water.

Q. How is ionization safer than chemicals?

A. Most, if not all of the chemicals used to purify water are caustic and or toxic. Many of which are now thought to be carcinogenic.

Q. How is ionization better than chemicals?

A. The need for high levels of chemicals is eliminated. Also eliminated are the strong chemical odors, damaging effects on hair, skin, fabrics, liners and spa equipment.

Q. Why does my drinking water look cloudy sometimes?

A. Once in a while you get a glass of water, and it looks cloudy; maybe milky is a better term. After a few seconds it miraculously clears up! The cloudiness is due to tiny air bubbles in the water. Like any bubbles, the air rises to the top of the water and goes into the air, clearing up the water. The water in the pipes coming into your house might be under a bit of pressure, and gases (the air), which are dissolved in the pressurized water, will come out as the water flows into your glass, where is under normal atmospheric pressure.

Q. What is hard water?

A. We always come across the term 'hard' or 'soft' water. However, many people may be aware of it, but not many people know what exactly it is. Also, both types of water have many disadvantages. Hard water becomes 'hard' because of the presence of carbonates, sulfates, chlorides of calcium, magnesium, and iron. These chemical items are what causes water to be hard. Though with the presence of these chemical nuisance, hard water is not harmful to human health. Water is also considered hard if its calcium level is above 250 ppm (parts per million). Its alkalinity must also be over 150 ppm in order to be considered hard. pH levels are usually relatively stable in hard water, but we can actually use acidic chlorine to achieve a normal pH balance in water. Humans actually handle the chemicals and contaminants better than equipment does.

Q. What are the operational costs of ionization?

A. In most cases, the electrodes will last three to five years and are relatively inexpensive to replace. The only other cost is the electrical consumption which is only a few dollars a year.

Q. How often will I have to test the water?

A. You will need to test the ion level every few weeks and maintain proper water balance. The ion system is pH neutral so it will not change your water balance like chemicals do.

Q. How much water is there in the world?

A. Among the many educated guesses, the best estimate, that of Igor Shiklomanov (easy for you to say) and his State Hydrological Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia, is that there are some 1.4 billion cubic kilometers of water on Earth, in liquid and frozen form, in the oceans, lakes, streams, glaciers and groundwater. And even Shiklomanov, the man the United Nations selected to do its world inventory of water resources, suggests that this is a crude guess. (Does that mean it's all wet?) No one really knows how much water is stored in underground ice in permafrost regions, for instance, or even in bogs and marshes.

Q. Why is our porcelain sink stained brown?

A. The brown stain is from a large amount of iron in your water. It is closely related to simple rust you see on metal, which is iron oxide. The source of the water you use probably is ground water, and the water has filtered through rocks containing iron-rich minerals on the way to the well.

Q. What is a water molecule anyway?

A. The short answer is that it is two hydrogen atoms combined with one oxygen atom. Here is the long answer...

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