Did You Know These Water Facts?
- Water is the most common substance found on earth. The only water we will ever have is what we have right now.
- In a 100-year period, a water molecule spends 98 years in the ocean, 20 months as ice, about 2 weeks in lakes and rivers, and less than a week in the atmosphere.
- Each day the sun evaporates 1,000,000,000,000 (a trillion) tons of water.
- Water is the only substance on earth naturally found in the three true element forms. They are solid, liquid, and gas. Here are some of the physical properties of water.
- 80% of the earth's surface is water.
- 97% of the earth's water is the oceans and seas.
- 66 % of your body is water.
- Bones are 25% water.
- Human blood is 83% water.
- A person can survive without food for more than 30 days, but less than a week without water.
- A gallon of water weighs 8.34 pounds.
- For every 2.31 feet that water is raised above the earth's surface, it can create one pound per square inch of pressure.
- For every 2.31 feet you are submerged below a body of water's surface, there is 1 pound per square inch of pressure equally placed on your body.
- The first water pipes made in the U.S. were fire-charred, bored-out logs.
- There are over 1 million miles of water pipelines and aqueducts in the United States and Canada, enough to circle the globe 40 times.
- There are over 59,000 community public water systems in the U.S.
- Community water systems process over 35 billion gallons of water daily.
- The average household uses 107,000 gallons of water per year. It takes 1,851 gallons of water to refine one barrel of crude oil. It takes 1,500 gallons of water to process one barrel of beer. It takes 120 gallons of water to produce one egg.
- Over 42,000 gallons of water (enough to fill a 30x50 foot swimming pool) are needed to grow and prepare the food for a typical Thanksgiving dinner for eight.
- A single birch tree will give off 70 gallons of water per day in evaporation.
- An acre of corn will give off 4,000 gallons of water per day in evaporation.
- 72% of U.S. consumers have concerns about some aspect of their water supply aesthetic or health-related), and almost 50% worry about possible health contaminants in their drinking water.
- Currently EPA estimates that at least a half-million cases of illness annually can be attributed to microbial contamination in drinking water.
- Lack of access to clean water is a leading cause of death and disease in developing countries, killing about 5 million people annually and causing 3.3 billion illnesses.
- Up to 4 million children under age 5 die annually from diarrheal diseases caused by poor drinking water.
- Every 8 seconds a child dies of a water-related disease.
- Studies show up to 75% reduction in disease occurrence after investment in water purification.
- The average American drinks approximately 14 gallons of bottled water a year.
- On average, a human uses 70 gallons of water per day.
- The United States uses 100 billion gallons of water for irrigation of crops per day.
- In the United States, we use approximately 25 trillion gallons of fresh water each year.
- We are using our fresh water faster then we are recharging our groundwater.
- General hardness (GH) refers to the dissolved concentration of magnesium and calcium ions, which also factors pH.
- Water has a relatively high boiling point (100°C or 212°F at 760mm Hg or 29.92in Hg).
- The oxygen end of the water molecule is more negative than the hydrogen end. This property makes water a good solvent for other polar and ionized chemicals.